Celebrated martial artist, actor, and filmmaker Bruce Lee was noted for his roles in various movies and films, as well as his unique martial arts technique of Jeet Kune Do. It is believed that Bruce Lee’s efforts paved the way for change in how Asians were presented in American films.
A few of Lee’s most-acclaimed performances included his role as Kato in the 60’s TV series The Green Hornet, and his lead role in ‘The Big Boss’ and ‘Fist of Fury’. He also established a few martial arts schools where he taught Jeet Kune Do, or ‘The Way of the Intercepting Fist’.
Bruce Lee: Early Years
Born as Lee Jun Fan on November 27, 1940, in the Chinatown of San Francisco, California, he got the name ‘Bruce’ from the hospital attending physician. His parents were Lee Hoi-chuen, a Hong Kong Cantonese opera singer and film actor, and Grace Ho, adopted daughter of Ho Kom-tong, a known businessman and philanthropist. Bruce Lee was their fourth child among five.
Even at a tender age of only three months old, it seems that Lee was a natural in front of the camera, as his first appearance then was as a stand-in baby for Golden Gate Girl (1941). But the family had to move back to Hong Kong during that time. It was there that Bruce Lee began his career in acting, by appearing in several films as well as learning dance.
Lee’s birth name Lee Jun Fan means ‘return again’. It was given by his mother in her belief that he would return to America once he was at the right age. However, his original name was said to have been Sai-fon, which means ‘small phoenix’.
Aside from that, he had other names: Li Yuanxin, which was a family or clan name; Li Yuanjian, which was his student name while attending La Salle College; and his Chinese screen name Li Xiaolong, which means ‘little dragon’. This is only fitting as Bruce Lee was born in the year and hour of the Dragon.
While in Hong Kong, Lee lived a life of privilege and affluence. But as times then began to be tumultuous – and he became involved in several street fights – his parents decided he needed to learn martial arts. His father was his first teacher in the basics of Wu-style t’ai chi ch’uan. When he was 16, he studied Wing Chun under teacher Yip Man.
His father, fearing for his son’s safety and also for his wish for Lee to live a healthier life, decided to send him back to America. This decision was also influenced by his last bout with an opponent with an apparently powerful criminal background. When he was 18, he was sent to the United States to stay with his older sister.
Bruce Lee: Later Life
Bruce Lee finished high school from Edison Technical School (now Seattle Central Community College). He then enrolled at the University of Washington, majoring in drama. It was here that he met his wife, Linda Emery. They married in August 1964 and had two children: Brandon and Shannon.
During his busy years, Bruce Lee suffered a major back injury that took some time for recovery. It was then that he took up writing and self-care. Feeling the stereotype against Asian actors, Lee left with his family to Hong Kong, where he would work on the movies The Big Boss and Fist of Fury. Both films gained popularity in Asia.
Tragedy struck on July 20, 1973, when Bruce Lee suddenly died of brain edema. This was just a month before the release of Enter the Dragon. Though there are many controversies surrounding his death, it can’t be denied that Lee left a wonderful legacy.
To those who wish to be inspired by his words, here are the most popular Bruce Lee quotes for your enjoyment.
30 Bruce Lee Quotes for Self-Improvement